Macular Degeneration and Vision Loss
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a condition that affects the retina of the eye. It occurs when the central retina, called the macula, is damaged. With AMD, patients lose their central vision, but the peripheral, or side vision, is not affected.
AMD is very common and is a leading cause of vision loss in adults 50 years or older. Risk factors include family history of AMD, smoking, and blue eyes. There is no prevention except for discontinuation of smoking and eating a diet rich antioxidant vitamins.